Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Library ONLINE

Citing and Referencing: In-Text Citation

Simple guidance for Citing and Referencing.

Including sources in your work.
When you use the work of someone else in your work it is commonly known as citing and you must acknowledge the origin of the information.
Inclusion can be by direct quotation, paraphrase or summary and each time the details of the author or editor and the year it was published must be given.

It does not matter where the acknowledgement is located and can come:
at the beginning: Porter’s (2014) theory examines ...
in the middle: ... of the legislation (Duffy and Lyes, 2009), although ...
at the end: ... time to reflect" (Banner et al., 2016, p214).

If you include the author's name in your text you do not need to include it in the citation details.
If you use a sources with more than two authors you need just list the first named author followed by "et al."
If you include a quote you must include the page the quote is taken from.

Using secondary sources
You may find that you have used a quote attributed to an author within a book or journal article written by another author (this would be similar to someone using a quoted citation from your work.)
In this instance you need to reflect both the person accretted with the quote and where it is taken from, along with the page it is located.
So, if a Sherrington quote appears in a book written by Clark and Lonsdale you would acknowledge it : (Sherrington, 2001 cited in Clark and Lonsdale, 2012, p. 89) within your work. In your reference list you only include the material you have used so this would be the book by Clark and Lonsdale.

Library Services
(01274) 08 8257
Bradford College, Great Horton Road, Bradford, BD7 1AY.
Become a